The Faroe Islands are situated in the heart of the Gulf Stream in the North Atlantic Ocean.
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The Faroe Islands are built upon layers of volcanic material and
are tilted with the eastern shores sloping to the sea and the western coasts rising up into cliffs at the seashore. Along the shore are fjords dotted with towns and villages.
The rest of the islands are deeply green with cultivated pastureland and mountains with dark stony crags of rock sticking out from them. This gives the mountains a layered look. The craggy rocks are about 60 million years old and each layer represents a past volcanic event. In between the basalt layers are bands of red tuff, which is the compressed ash spewed out by the volcanoes between eruptions.
The area is teeming with seabirds flocking to the volcanic cliffs along the sea. There are about three hundred bird species in the Faroe Islands. Visitors can see the breeding grounds of the puffins near the sea. Seals can be seen near the shoreline and the view can be spectacular.
Historically, the Faroe Islands were a place for explorers.
Today it is a place for adventures at sea. Tourists can ride a restored schooner or the sailing ship called the Dragin as they set sail on sunny days to take you on a thrilling adventure at see. When the wind and tide are favorable, tourists can see the many grottos along the shoreline that stand out like magnificent cathedrals.
Some tours will take you to the spectacular bird cliffs at Vestmanna. Tourists can enter the grottos through smaller boats in order to see where the seabirds nest or just sit along the cliffs. There are bird cliffs on the west side of Sandoy as well, where men collect eggs by lowering themselves over the edge of the cliffs.
Fishing trips are also available and boaters can fish the North Atlantic waters.
One of the first things tourists will notice about the Faroe Islands is that the houses are made with grass roofs.
These have curved stone walls similar to the old Viking-age homes and have a large common room with a longfire in the center. Benches or seats are placed along the edges of the common room, giving these the name “seat houses”. They have earthen floors.
Some of the stone walls have been replaced by wood with the exception of the part of the house that faces the fiercest wind. Churches are simple affairs made of horizontally placed wood and a special carving between the nave and the choir.